In the framework of MPA NETWORKS project a contract for carrying on a research for a pilot action in Brijuni National Park has been signed with the Center for Marine Research (CMR) of the Ruđer Bošković Institute
In the framework of MPA NETWORKS project a contract for carrying on a research for a pilot action in Brijuni National Park has been signed with the Center for Marine Research (CMR) of the Ruđer Bošković Institute.
The pilot action will be focused on the marine biodiversity assessment of Brijuni National Park with the Next Generetion Sequencing Methodology.
This study presents the first assessment of plankton diversity of the Brijuni islands (NA) and provides much needed baseline data for future assessments and comparisons.
Effective ecosystem-based management of Marine protected areas (MPAs) requires strong interaction with the science in providing continuous ecosystem research with detailed biodiversity assessment set as a core parameter. Marine biodiversity and abundance are traditionally described using morphology-based methods (microscopy) that require extensive taxonomical knowledge. This is often a limiting factor in the research. Traditional methods have additional drawbacks such as being time consuming, limited in temporal and spatial resolution, and error-prone due to variation of individual taxonomic expertise of the analysts. Molecular methods that use chosen gene regions (barcodes) successfully complement microscopy and offer fast, reliable and impartial method of species identification. Besides, development of new high-throughput sequencing has enabled molecular methods to extensively describe the entire marine community (metabarcoding) at the same time. Advances in molecular technologies have revealed high diversity in marine environments. Metabarcoding almost always identifies higher numbers of taxonomic groups and individual species than microscopy or macroscopic methods, what makes metabarcoding a more sensitive method of diversity assessment in environmental samples. Therefore, metabarcoding generates large amounts of biodiversity information and is capable of identifying species at any life stage in taxonomically complex assemblages. Species too small or too fragile are often overlooked by traditional methods but metabarcoding allows their identification. Rare species, less abundant species are also successfully detected using metabarcoding so it is also a suitable method for invasive species early detection.
The Center for Marine Research (CMR) is regarded as Croatia’s leading scientific institute in the natural and biomedical sciences as well as marine and environmental research, and the CMR as a coastal unit is focused upon basic and applied oceanographic research. This is an excellent news as detailed and reliable biodiversity studies are the foundation of any sea protection and conservation measures. The field work will take place from November 2020 till April 2021.